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Human Trafficking

Series/Special. Combating human trafficking. New.

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  CSPAN    Human Trafficking    Series/Special.  
   Combating human trafficking. New.  

    February 2, 2013
    2:15 - 4:10pm EST  

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to deal not with that we did it but that they did not mind it. or they did not mind it at the time. overreact. let me give you the intelligence officer's lament. this is whining. we're often put a situation where we are bitterly accused of not doing enough to defend america when people feel endangered. accused of doing too much. everyone may not share that view. every now and again in a self pitying a moment i allow myself that thought. [laughter] >> the discussion on the cia post a use of interrogation techniques in the search for osama bin laden tonight at 8:00
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eastern here on c-span. but on monday president obama travels to indianapolis about reducing gun violence. he will discuss additional steps that can be taken at the federal level. we will have coverage of this online. today the white house released a photo of press but i can david in august last year in an interview. he said he had fired guns and that she goes as the shooting of the time with the guests visiting camp david. he also said gun-control advocates should be better listeners in the debate or firearms and that he has "a deep respect for the tradition of hunting in this country." you're able to see the fertility rates declining. we are right around the rate.
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we have the only major influence in this country's history. this is the term that hit us. it really was a remarkable moment. hi. not only did that jump up and stay for an entire generation. this moment that inches. we saw not a gradual rate dropping off a cliff. >> he laughed about how this could cause the u.s. to lose a world leader. >> look for more but television online.
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>> i think my experience in the white house let me to realize that i did have a voice and in using that i could accomplish things. it i do not think that ever put my mind to anything like that. when i left the white house there were so many fine people out there willing to help you in the cause. i was working very hard to where the correct amendment. >> the first lady, influence and image, at the public and private life. this was produced with the white
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house historical association. >> the georgetown university held a symposium on wednesday on human trafficking. we will hear from some of the speakers excluding john morton, the head of immigration and and miranforcement's sorvino. >> ladies and gentlemen, please join me in welcoming director john morton. [applause] >> good morning. i am the director of immigration and customs enforcement. i do not have an academy award
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to my name. i am one of the government tax that is here to speak to you today. i do not have a glamorous shot, either. it is just me and a flag. what we're doing every day over i.c.e., are the principal investigative arm. it is largely known in the public for its immigration enforcement functions which are less than half of what it does. we action have 13,000 special agents and officers. the reason we have such a large presence is that we are an
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investigative agency. we cover a wide variety of everything from jet trafficking to the investigation of artwork that was stolen in europe and brought to the united states. and exploitation including sexed trafficking. it is a big part of what we do. what of one of the things we doh an unsettled part, the immigration enforcement. it dominates the pages of the "new york times" fans " washington post." the solution here for trafficking is a solution for immigration reform. you have a lot of very thoughtful speakers today.
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i've looked at the schedule. i could give you the same old speech i am sure many of you have heard. i wanted to try to avoid doing that. i wanted all of us to think about why we are here and what we're going to try to take away from today. i have been thinking that myself. i am here because georgetown extended a very generous invitation. i am happy to take it up. we have been at the game of anti-trafficking for quite a while. we need to think about where we go from here. we are dealing with an entrenched problem and something that deals with the best and the worst of human nature. that is why this kind of work from an investigative perspective can have some of
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your very best day and the same day it is a reflection of just a terrible loss of in human terms. the you are dealing with making the bus but they very bad situation. i want to show a quick clip that starts out of why i get out every morning. [video clip]
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[inadudible] >> that is the 53 second clip. it is not in aerated. it is just raw footage of something that happened to we ago in this country. it was the latest results of our efforts to carry the sex trafficking. what you saw was raw law enforcement but it of us getting ready -- footage of us getting ready in driving out to rest a series of traffickers in se as
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part of an operation we called "dark night." it uncovered a prostitution ring in savannah, ga. that ultimately turned out to be much worse. it was an underworld of sexual exploitation lurking underneath the southeast united states. there is a major prostitution ring is not only in georgia but also in florida, south carolina, and north carolina. midsection of vickers recruiting young women -- we had to have occurs recruiting young men with false hopes of imitations of america only to force them into hard and unrelenting prostitution. what we did that morning was that we arrested 13 people involved in the trafficking of
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these women. at the same time we rescued 11 women who were in their complete control. most of them were 19-mid-20's from predominantly mexico and some from central mexico. we also arrested on as mr. and it charges 44 -- was also arrested 44 men on administrative charges. we will charge them with criminal charges and that is appropriate. ultimately, this was a tale of perverse exploitation of women for profit. people making money off of others. the way this worked was the traffickers were a loose
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coalition and they would trade the women like cards, property. a woman would do a week with a particular trafficker in georgia. they would work that particular talent and then they would go on a circuit around the four state and it traded from person to person. we alleged that most of these women were looking at 30 customers a day at $30 a day. they have absolutely no care as to who these women were, what they wanted to be, what their dreams of work, where they wanted to go. they were literally reduce to sexual commodities. you reflect on that. you think this happened literally two weeks ago and it was going on in four of our
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state on a grand scale. we often talk about thailand and cambodia but we need to be talking about savannah and georgia as well. for all of us the grim reality is that this kind of exploitation is a very real part of the modern world. it is an international phenomenon. it is the domain of organized criminals. this takes control, of violence. he have to be willing to do some time. the kind of people who are willing to do that are organized criminals. you have to have international connections. you have to convince women they will come to the united states.
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you have to recruit in groom them. when they get here, a different future awaits from them. you only get there through violence and coercion. what do we have to do? we are talking about transforming the coalition and what it means. we have to be creative. we can talk about some of the innovations. i keep coming back to one message that comes from being a law enforcement officer. we are dealing with the best and worst of human nature. there is a base that is going on you would treat another person this way. that calls for a strong firm and hard response. a big part of why i am here
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today is you have to fight relentlessly this kind of an evil. i wish there were a simple answer. i been in the anti-tracking business for my entire professional career. two weeks ago something like that is still going on. it is one of the mysteries of our time. you can look back and there were great moments in time for other wrongs. this is one of the great wrongs of our time. everybody should feel this way. you have to attack it relentlessly. this is a righteous cause. the type of people involved in this context, they're not going to go away simply because we ask them. they are going to go away
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because you hit them hard. you are going to go to jail for the rest of your life if you engage and this kind of behavior. we arrested about 90 people last year on chapter 77 charges, the part of the federal code that deals with trafficking. we also used the federal prostitution provisions as well. oftentimes it can be easier for us to make a prostitution charge that we can a trafficking charge. we will bring everything and the kitchen sink for these guys. that was a record number of arrests. what are the federal investigator of these crimes. we are going to do the same thing this year. we're going to hit people as
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hard as we possibly can. to do that you have to have a partnership. one of the things i did not want to get up here and do was preach to people who have gotten here. everyone probably works in this business. they work for the coast guard. if you take nothing away comic keep doing what you are doing. it takes this broad coalition to get things done. we have to have partners in law enforcement and overseas. i want to thank everybody for the work they do.
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government in our secular does not recognize the work that people do every day. i will take the liberty of thinking and everybody in here who does this work. we need people like you. we need you to get up and take pride in what you do. even if this week is not going to well we need to get up the next day and focus on the next week with an awfully strong. . we talked about the victim centered approach. it is the right way to do this kind of business. live not only taken this approach in our anti trafficking efforts -- we not only taken
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this approach in our anti- trafficking efforts, the end of the world is about to happen. my hands were shaking. this has been wonderful. i have enjoyed meeting you all. we do this across all our exploitation. this is the fight against sex
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tourism and top pornography. all of the things come together. we have started to move away from saying we will find the person in jail. we want to put them in jail for a long day. time. we want to find the child who's been victimized. if we find that out in real terms, will also find the person who's victimizing them and that produced the pornographer and we will put that person in jail. it is not we're trying to lessen our focus on the offender. at the end of the day did indicate that person's right.
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if we approach this, the end of doing a better job. you get more people. you put more people in jail for longer. that has worked really well. we just an operation a month ago where we took a bit of centered approach and we took images from the internet and we looked for clues. as a possible the child was european? they looked at the recent scene of the images and the work our way back to the victims and
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offenders. in the space of five weeks were able to rest two and injured 45 trout-- 245 talk pornographers and rescue kids. that was five weeks worth of upper. this level of exploitation can be going on. we have got to focus on the victims first. we have to reorient the way we do things so that in a world where we cannot possibly investigate and prosecute every single person who commits an offense, we will focus on those offenses where we can rescue someone who is being hurt right now and this time in an
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immediate sense. that is what we need to do across the board. i am pleased the anti- trafficking effort is informing the other part of our exploitation business. this is a big part of the message. it is getting people to come forward and saying he would like removed from this country. -- you will not be removed from this country. we want you to come forward. he should not be afraid. i am the chief enforcer of the immigration laws in addition to one of the best kidder's top prostitution. i what you to come forward -- investigators of prostitution. i want you to come forward. bought forced labor -- about
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forced labor, we have to focus on this. the sex drive tend to get a lot of the attention. the truth is well over half the cases we investigate involve a forced labor. a case in detroit, we discovered for children who were held captive and forced to work 80 hours a day. a native of west's africa brought the children to the united states with false passports, presenting a where his children. they have false names and dates of birth. he passed them off as their own biological children. they were not. for five years he was able to get away with a sliding these children in his house, forcing them to cook and clean, do all
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the laundry, ironing. they were a domestic servants but they were not getting paid are getting well treated. he locked them in a home for five years. to make them babysit comically people's houses, be the children when ever he felt there would be trouble. can forces rules through violence. he said if you tell anybody i'm going to report you to authorities and i'm going to do terrible things your family. he's able to maintain that control for five years. they did not have any family in the united states. work could they go? -- where could they go? they were afraid of what was going to happen to them. this that said he would kill their family. fortunately, they arrested him.
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a position to the peers. the dow said the government was right. in a week he will be sentenced. there is a lot of talk of the u.s. laws being fairly severe when it comes to the amount of time people can get. i am biased on this score. i am very supportive of this model. in this particular area of exploitation, i did not lose a minute's sleep at some of looking at 20 years for that kind it behavior, not one minute. nevada people are looking at life. in number of the people who were arrested in the video are looking at life. i am sleeping as sound as i
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possibly can. when you think what is going on, people are exploiting them. they're taking away something that they have no business doing. they are doing it through violence and the toll that is left a crime like that is just horrific. we just sentenced another trafficker to life. i am not losing sleep over it. he called himself cowboy and retreated women who were immigrants to be part of what he called "family." the offer them jobs in a massage parlor and a place to live, assistance with immigration.
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he won them all to have a romantic relationship. we see that quite often. the truckers will initially focus on so much younger than them. then it turned into are prostitution. he get everybody stress, brought them into this family and then sat to them all to show his ownership and then forced them into law an unrelated areas. a justice caught up with him. let me top about this. the stock about what we can do for the future. the star was some basic things. you can have a thousands of me. it is important to have law enforcement. you want to make a real change.
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we have to address the root causes of exploitation. some girls to school. that kind of thing will do a lot to address the underlying causes of trafficking. we are dealing with countries that do not have the same institutions we do. people pray on that. they take advantage of that. we have to fight and do common sense things. i know this is not the top on immigration reform. parts of the reason something like this happen in georgia is that we have far too many people
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in this country in a vulnerable status. people play off of that vulnerability. they prey off the hopes and dreams of people coming to the united states. for many immigrants those hopes and dreams are real. we cannot continue to have a situation in which you have a 11 million people whose future is uncertain. they are here for a very long time. they did not know whether the government is going to help them, heard them, and uncertainty breeds vulnerability. and a supporter of immigration reform. if we can make the number of undocumented immigrants in this country to happen here certain of their status, we can have a
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better rules on how we can make it possible for the women that legally.ere did they do not have to go through these extraordinary lengths think they will develop a great life only to find themselves looking at the line of 30 guys out the door, he's going to pay $30. the woman will not seek 5 cents of any that. that is the hard reality of where we are. let me close right now with another big thank you. i do not know what your doing. i did look at the list before we came in. it was such a broad spectrum of people. prosecutors to academics, people from the hill, of them are lots
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of things you can argue about our fight about. there is high rhetoric on many things. this is the one where most people are going to say this is a righteous fight. this is something we all need to do. this is a righteous fight. it is something that is important. thank you for everything you do. thank you for taking your time to come here and listen to people who talk to people. i wish i had all the perfect answers. i do not. i do know we are a lot better off as a country because we do fight. we do care. there are some 21 year old woman he were in an impossible situation two weeks ago and they are not anymore.
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i do not want to gloss over the challenges the women baseface. but we have a number of nog's working with them now. it is going to be a long road. they are in an immeasurably better place and they were two weeks ago. there is a coalition of people like the people in this room willing to do right. thank you very much. i appreciate it. >> i'm going to tell you the title of my speech. this is long but i will speak quickly. it is called "beyond awareness, putting the human back in human
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trafficking." good morning. in the four years that had the honor of working at the united nations office on drugs and crime to combat unit trafficking, so much has happened to this movement. at that the opportunity to travel the world liaising between government hanand ngo's. i interviewed peoples whose lives have intersected with the modern day slave trade which is worth $32 billion a year. i almost conducted a 4 hour interview with a sexual attack for which is quite experience. i seen this progress where an
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anger question the existence of human trafficking to one in which most countries in the world have acknowledge the severity of the crimes and have become legislating to fight them. the u.s. congress is usually so hard pressed to come to come to terms agreed unanimously that must agree on this as a whole. we are very far from making a real meaningful dent in the problem statistically. the latest report shows the conviction rates compared to the rest of crimes like homicide in , there are estimated 27
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million people living in slavery at any given time. something is very wrong. at this time, a person living in slavery has a one in 100 chance of ever being discovered and rescued, 1%. child victims goes from 20% to 27%. a very disturbing trend and what our law enforcement efforts to help survivors of trafficking. more harm is done post- discovery to those emerging from the trauma of trafficking. there is a will conflation across the world of a crime done in the victims and sit the survivors -- and the survivors
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are often treated as perpetrators. they have a decompression time. they are accused of lying when they later come forward with the details of their attack. they come to upset to relive the horrific experience in front of someone that intimidated them. we hear their interviews are repeated multiple times by different individuals from agencies on different days, compounding the trauma and they're often put in detention mighlike facilities sometimes fp to two years due to fear they
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will run away or repatriate their international victims. they are not treated with the human rights of victims of crimes. this must end. i cried foul that the survivors of human trafficking are not called more frequently to the table when this sort of ideation is occurring. i hope we have some survivors and the audience. do you have anybody here? holly, i'm glad you're here. with all due respect, their presence would have been most beneficial for all of us to hear which could have expressed what is necessary for them, learned through experience and political advocacy. it should not be outsiders looking in the deciding for what is best. is to be people who lived through -- it should be people
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who lived through it. what we really want to do is make sure we are not just emoting together in a rallying cry but not actually pursuing the specific courses of action. whenever in the initial wave of finding a common purpose, in this new enlisted incarnation of slavery we thought had been slit -- stamped out by president lincoln. we must grow from what we have learned. we cannot be hypocrites or abolitionist who like the feeling of the on the right side of a cause but are not willing distance down todistance wher the ground. members of the madrid ministry of the quality were absolutely
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shocked when i informed them after researching that not one since the time the law had been put into the books had that been given to one suspected survivor. and yet think there's any bell intends. they wrote the law. they passed it. -- el intent. they wrote the law. they passed a.
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they swore a pact that they would root out child labor over 10 years ago. and estimated to winter thousand children are still being paid nothing -- 200, 00 are still being paid nothing against their will. a handful of them agree to new independent outside auditing in now plan to create passages of training in capacity. many child slaves did not even know what chocolate is. we are blindly buying our candy thinking because the problem has been in acknowledged it had been solved.
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would it be impossible or unlikely for all to have a label on them? 20% ofactually rose by 2 those with fair labor practices. this might cost more initially. so what? we cannot endorse the maximum profit. we cannot do it. it is not possible. woulday's markets those have a competitive edge. is a knowing that what we buy, known that is not forged by slave hand as important as the content or its calorie content?
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president obama made a great step with executive order to create a mandatory zero slavery tolerance for all government contractors. it is time to expand that for all companies doing business in this country. let's put our money where our mouth is. but not permit people to bring slaves across our border. this topic as for a a robust audit team group. it must protect human beings from the impulses that will always exist when there is money to be made. we must make sure to give equal rate to sex trafficking in labor
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trafficking -- and labor trafficking. they do not wish to one to be labeled more heinous. the feel the media is doing a disservice to the movement. the ratio of victims seems to be of labor and sex trafficking, why does sex trafficking get all the noise? the rate of abuse of our children is horrific. as a mother and no argument there. are the beatons, rape and threats born into murder any less worthy of our abolitionism? when you have looked into the eyes of as many survivors of a
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unbelievably he inhumane treatment you will note that the evil people are capable of inflicting on i'm not reading this correctly. evil people are capable of inflitting on others -- inflicting on others. a woman is an object to be traded. we don't care about their feelings we threaten them and their families and they work by force. they are objects and that is where the trafficking term -- that is the perspective of criminals that people are things to be made a profit off of. they are not human beings.
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that's where we have to awaken all of our sense abilities. a victim was told here in this country, she was lower than a dog in this country of peta. here people care about animals, nobody cares about you. a domestic sex slave came to the conclusion i had nothing to contribute. nothing more to give on this earth than to stay alive and endure and keep my brother alive. the trafficer threaten to kill her brother if she escaped so she endured rather than killing herself, which is what she wanted to do. victims present in the same way, it is important that the treatment plan is individualized . best practices have individualized service plans so they are looking forward and setting goals and the manager
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sees to it that those goals are being met. we have to keep this movement moving and opposed to all forms of slavery. what we are endorsing we are not doing further harm. i've recently become aware that will issue i'm advocating is harming the individuals they are designed to help and creating unintented targets. one of my personal causes has been advocating for nationwide robust anti-trafficking at the state level. i try to enlight about the gaps of the legislation and what is necessary in the legal fight against slavery and state laws on the topic.
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no state is whole in its legislative response to human trafficking. it does not harmonize. we need to tend atmosphere that criminal trafficers enjoy here and throughout most of the world. most states do have a basic human trafficking law say, i believe wyoming. not what cases they accident i will find. how can your police activity seek to find crimes that your laws don't say that it is one. the federal agents can handle our small number of trafficking cases is what the state said. 30% of cases refer to the federal level end up there.
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so a third of those discovered by those not looking for it might get -- the victims in wyoming you're kind of crap out of luck. many states have passed new laws , much lies used with drug trafficers. often, if there is not enough evidence in a he said/she said case it may success in civil court. the deposition may re-open criminal possibilities. some are writing laws to post human trafficking hot line. a hot line that took over 20,000 calls last year and helped over 3,000 victims become survivors. many are strengthening the charges to class-a.
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they will be charged with selling people. current i will, you are less likely to be arrested for a long period of time if you sell people instead of marijuana or cocaine. as long as the new statutes are clearly written and used in the ground in the sense they are meant to be used. one of the key pieces of legislation that i felt and still feel were most important were the safe laar boar laws. they are on the books in -- harbor law and they are on the books in 11 states. they are to decriminalize the minor. to declare the child/teen a victim of human trafficking of
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the severest form and no one under the age of 18 has the legal, physical capacity to con scent to sex. to criminalize the adult exemployeders to the fullest extent. every year in every state, hundreds if not thousands minors and women are arrested for the crime of prostitution and the buyers are almost never charged. i'm getting a big stop sign but i'm going to continue. i'm sorry. if you get a big hook you can pull me off. i'm sorry. a survivor described to me how the police in front of her, a teenager being arrested said a
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to a man who just committed statutory rape, go home to you wife. we don't want to ruin your life. that is how the person being arrested was would be the child, the woman or the boy in participating in sex. we need to see the child in the transaction as the victim and these can be girls, boys, there is no one cookie cutter profile in sexual trafficking. we need to help them with housing, education, career training, the list goes on and on about what these kids deserve to rebuild their lives and recover from the tra maw. it may surprise you to know that most states child health care services do not consider a doe metically trafficed youth as a
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victim unless they are trafficed by a family member. we need to change the status of the discovered sesk traffic kid from slut, which they were called as the wonderful action tow visit holly smith. when the arresting officer pulled her off the track and rescued her. he swore to her to the police station and left he have suicidal. a survival told me that the police would pull up and tell the girls to take off their heels off and run. these laws are men to bring back these young people their dignity and give them the life they want. those laws that are supposed to
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help they actually harm survivors. in 2010, a law was passed and this made them state that they are focusing on helping the women caught up in this crime. since 2010 she has convicted 17 individuals of human trafficking. however, chicago police reports that men are less like i will to be arrested on prostitution charges, down 7%. prostitution charges are being exclusive -- exclusively against them. only three buyers have been charged with a felony. this adept to ending this has escalated those who we consider to be victims and their charges
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are bumped up from misdemeanors to felonies. it must be clear this is not an and sex worker movement. it is to end the exploitation of minors in sex work. it is a movement to end the keeping of adults in prostitution who are forced or lied to. the change may be visable those who you can't see but in sex trafficking as in labor, if the person cannot walk away without the fear of harm to himself or to loved ones that is trafficking. those looking to sell and buy their vulnerable bodies. the point is to end the cycle that these kids are trapped in. to give them a second chance, replacing homelessness with shelter, judgment with concern,
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rape with healing. we have been trying to change the way law enforcement sees these young people and many of those adults were brought in as minors. i have met many brave survivors, i admire them. the youngest was 7. she was 7 years old. she was put to work at the age of 4 doing things she did not know the words for. she now does addition and subtraction and loves taking dance lessons. in thailand i met a little bit boy who held my hand and joined me -- asked me to join him in prayer. his family told me that many of his friends on the street were killed after being used by pedophiles to leave no
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witnesses. an american girl put herself through college to be told that she could never be hired because of the prostitution conviction on her record. the last thing we want these laws to say to them is that they are bad, in need of punishment. they have been crime victims and we want to help them and law enforcement should not be their enemy but their helpers. how is this going to happen? how do we undo this? it hinges on clarity and political will. the language must be super specific so it can't be twisted. in california's passage of prop 35 makeses it hazier and harder to prove.
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training, law enforcement as well of that of social workers. it is absolutely of essence. these victims recognized as such and they should be uplifted. this is not about doing sweeps. this is about serious criminals the trafficers of children and adults having strong cases against them and the victims being identified by an educated law enforcement that treats them with respect and understanding of the situation they have been through. it is also about funding, both federal and state being put into those services that are promised. the programs must be voltairery. we cannot take a crime sim -- victim off the street. even though some feel like they
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are protecting the victims we don't lock up any other kind of crime victim. we can't act like jailers. for this reason better laws mandate that minors brought in as trafficking victims not be put in court. it must be a voluntary. as tina can tell you building a group home that katers to the needs is expensive. we must join hands to put money where their mouths are. we betray them by not doing so. they don't do well in group homes with others that have not been under similar circumstances. that's how the private funding has to be put in the services for victims but not taken from penalties that must go to the
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victims themselves to start their new lives. that funding has to be allocated for the education for all those in law enforcement. we must have a common knowledge, common goals. that training must extend beyond those fine men and women. first responders, medical personnel, those in institution alliancing and it is crucial for any national battle for it to work. it may be they are confined to one place or they are moved around all the time. they are intimidated and told not interact with others and to fear authority. when they surface it takes a trained eye to use the moments out of their situation.
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they have that one chance to be identified but they are dismissed. i heard two brave survivors and their tale is an example of what is going on in this situation. the weird thing about this and this is my last big part of what i'm going to say, i almost thought that where they worked at it was where my mother spent her last days. they did not know each other but they were recruited by the same woman one year a part. both were asked nice i will if
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nicely if they wanted to come work in the u.s. they did not ask what kind of work. the woman told them she did this before she would aroundle the visas. they were all getting black belts in the taekwondo. there was no vizz able suspicions about them. he was overjoyed flying into l.a.x. noun stopped them. once in the country she asked for their passports so she can keep it safe for them. she brought them to long beach, california. for a week he worked with amy on how to take care of the elder patients in the nursing home.
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he was not prepared for this work. he became ill when he had to change bed pans. he found it very difficult. amy had been there over a year struck. she was told that she owed the woman $12,000. she must work for the woman for 10 years to repay her. she was threatened with deportation if she tried to leave, told not to walk on the streets because the police would pick her up. made to work six months in a row without a single day off. they were made to sleep on the floors next to the elderly clients' bed. they were allowed to eat the leftovers of food then she complained she was spending touch money on food. they had to eat rotted food.
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several times, the agencies came and always found them on duty and questioned why they did not have time off but they were worried about the number of patients in the facility. someone texted amy if she needed help -- one day she received a text from the f.b.i. she met with the agent. amy wept to the facility and made the woman poor out the debt that she owed her and all the evidence. then she stayed after wear aguirre, continued to wear a wire for a week. the f.b.i. had him call the woman and extract similar information over the phone.
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the woman called police and cused him of stealing jewelry. when he did call her she said they both owed her and would have to work for her even after the 10 years because they were in her debt. she said she needed the money soon. he was placed in a shelter by the f.b.i. he felt alone and the others could not understand why he was there during the day. he never thought his life would come to this. there is no housing geared for male trafficking victims. the woman was convicted to a prison sentence but she cannot run an institution again.
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they felt satisfied when the judge attacked the woman's character. they got special recommendations for green cards. now they are happyly employed try to make change for others. these are funny, joyful people. there are so many people in this story that this could have been avoided. the woman had been doing it for years. the border patrol at l.a.x. nor the licensing inspecters or the families of the elder i will clients who knew these two worked around the clock. they would not have lost one or two years of their lives to this serve va attitude. they ease and culture duty and respect that have molds them
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into ideal victims for this evil woman must be under and some aanticipated when searching for victims out there. another survivor told us how she wrote her trafficer an apology note about all the ways she made her mad before running away for help. she suggested that the sentences to be the extended. we may be missing the pobalt because not only is our country not right with the same economic level but the american culture is so individualistic and rebellious it is harder for us to understand being bound by debt. never under estimate the holding power of trying to be a good person. the victim stayed longer not wanting to do harm to those in their care.
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they were worried about the elder i will people they took care of. in effect, slave labor can be found everywhere even in the most understand suspectable areas. some people were made to work on christmas tree farms. we have come so far on human trafficking how is it that it still waits passage at the federal level. politics have stalled the passage. the latest legislation is stalled and it provides funding for states to assist victims. it will strength the ability to prosecutor those who recruit those in labor contracts and
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helps government investigate where victims may be recruited. senators continue to be strong supporter and in honor of human trafficking month they are committed tos. ing this bill this year. the senate and house of representatives must come together and get this done. there is no excuse. we cannot let this major piece of legislation slip away. the great news we have all this experience to learn from, successes to build on, and a strong network to lead our path. let's double our efforts now. we need to eradicate slavery from the face of the earth. thank you sorry about the length.
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[applause] >> thank you for that kind introduction. good morning, everyone. i think i drew the short stick today following mira sorvino and her passion and her dedication to this issue. i know i'm standing between you and a few speakers and lunch. i want to get to the heart of the matter. i do have the department's blue campaign which is our united anti-human trafficking. i find that when i speak to audiences they don't fully understand what d.h.s. does. you will remember that d.h.s.
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was founded in the wake of 9/11. it took a number of agencies with a long history such as coast guard -- a 200-year history as well as secret service with over 100 years and created some new agencies. some of them you may take in vein if you travel frequently. we do have new initiatives who might please all you frequent travelers on the way. in a result of marriage of 22 separate components, i think when we started the blue campaign we were sensitive to what has been alluded to so frequently this morning. the need for partnerships and working across different fields so we can amplify our efforts and make sure we're more effective.
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in fact, those partnerships as the ambassador noted, they are not fluff, they are real, they matter and they will make a significant difference in this fight to end human trafficking. as i sat here today it was my honor and pleasure to realize how far this movement has come even in the short time since 2010. we've come -- i know a great deal of work occurred before and many of you in the audience have been a part of that work. for me to hear today, about all of the different sectors working together were extraordinary. we started seeking partnerships with our fellow government partners, n.g.o.'s and as you heard, we have strong partners
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in the private sector that are doing significant work to help end modern-day slavery. we also -- in listening to the speakers today -- discovered there are many areas of agreement of what needs to be done. mira mentioned something at the core that we try to do at d.h.s., training. we need to train as many people as we can. in first order, those who are most likely to encounter human trafficking victims. due to the fine work from the department of justice, we learned that all too often our 18,000 state and local law enforcement organizations do not recognize the signs of human
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trafficking. but once those officers are trained, remarkably they will state -- you know, when i started this training i didn't think we had a problem in our community. after i took the training, i realize we do. another area of agreement for all of us is increased victim support. you heard from director morton about the extraordinary work at i.c.e. to ensure that the victims are safe and secure when they are rescued, not only we have specialists on the scene to reduce some of the trama that mira has described the victims undergo but to support them through the long journey of feeling empowered to tell their story in the courts. eventually, these cases will proscuted -- are prosecutored.
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she's there are many reasons for that discrepancy that could range from undercounting in states that do not have human trafficking laws because they are treated as rape cases and the fact that the thick stems are often so traumatized -- the victims are so traumatized by what has occurred that they are unwilling to come forward and tell their stories. we need further victims support of the victims have that moment of triumph over their traffickers and see that
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trafficker sentenced to life. what a gift to start their new lives. we need to work on that. we also need to continue to remind ourselves of the very difficult journey of the traffic victims. i would like to take a moment to tell you of an extraordinary story that has empowered me and give impassioned to my work. i have the honor of meeting a remarkable young woman born in egypt. when she was 10 years old appearance soldier into slavery in the united states. she worked as a domestic servants for a wealthy egyptian family. she lived in orange county, california. she worked 16 hours a day scrubbing floors, washing dishes, taking care of other children, doing laundry. she never left the home. she never went to school.
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she never saw a dentist or a doctor. she did not speak english. when she was 13 a concerned neighbor called a tip to law enforcement. they investigated her case. when she was rescued she was given the opportunity to call home back to egypt. she placed a call to her father. she asked him what should i do? he told her if you go back to the family. she did not. instead she turned to law enforcement and she formed a close bond with the i.c.e. agents, said the victim support that is ideal. it helped her to adulthood.
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the truckers were convicted in support appeared to begin the united states system. -- the traffickers were convicted and deported. if she became a united states citizen. she has a certificate saying she is a citizen. in addition to our investigatory authority for investigating domestic human trafficking here in united states as well as assisting in overseas prosecutions, we have presence of in i.c.e. in 40 nations. 72 nations have dhs personnel. we can get a short-term continued presence of through i.c.e. the visas can lead to
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citizenship. her story tells us that it is ordinary citizens that we need. we need law enforcement and everyone to understand the science and indications of human trafficking. i want to tell you about a few of the partnerships that dhs has created. i want to leave you with a thought. the core of the blue campaign is partnership. we need partnerships. we need your ideas for those partnerships. some partnerships have been already created was state and local law enforcement. we created online training so they can get it certified to continue education. we have been focusing on first responders said they have the
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necessary education. we train all voluntary personnel at dhs. fema is strange. we have our tsa folks trained. we have many personnel watching our airports. we are trying to train everyone we think of you can come into contact with potential victims. we have worked with the department of transportation in a formal partnership with amtrak's people can be recognized -- amtrak so people can be recognized. we have worked with the department of transportation to create awareness for those who inspect our transportation. we are working internationally so they can use our materials. we would love to see you adopt those to your use and make
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them appropriate and effective for your audiences. we want to share as much as possible so your audiences can learn as we have a. we have the private sector here. we created a private sector toolkit. we would love to see you modify it so we can increase the identification of the victims and then work with the ngo's on this very important task of making sure these victims are safe and secure and are empowered to come forward to share their story so that others are not placed in the same position they were. i want to thank all of you for your hard work and your extraordinary interest in this very important topic. as you have heard from the other those who happen working on it from the law
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enforcement side, anyone who touches these cases becomes a believer in what president obama said. this is one of the great moral and human rights issues of our time. i cleaned your commitment and appearance shows and seven straight back. there is a lot more to -- appearance here shows that. there's a lot more to do. we want to partner whatever way we can with you to increase the identification and prosecution of victims. thank you so much. [applause] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013]
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>> thank you. thank you for that wonderful introduction. let me start by saying how grateful i am to be here to speak today. i wish that i could have been in the audience all day because the lineup was very formidable. i hope i am not going to be too repetitive of folks. if i am comment think of it as an indication of our government approach in the obama administration is working because we are seeing the same thing. we will talk about the notion of lifting 1000 voices and having innovation. i want to thank the dean. carroll has been a real supporter to work not just through idle voices and other
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organizations that she has supported but by making sure that these issues of human trafficking that are underrepresented is part of foreign policy. that is one of the things we see here at georgetown. as i walked up this flight of stairs, i pointed out that the jesuits were notaking it a little too far for having to work hard for knowledge. for those of you to do not know me already, i am coming from catholicism. that notion is of your taking the rigor and the hard work and incorporating values not just into the life in doing that in
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the policy arina. just like we do that in an academic arena. it allows traditions to come together. especially values of freedom, ule ofy, access to ro law. these are things that fuel us all in the conversation. it is wonderful. the more reports i do with the corporate sector, whether it is financial or manufacturing, whether it is folks to do business and management side, is that old disconnect that people say the corporate sector only cares about the bottom line. at the bottom line is the thing that need to be cared about and gets measured.
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what we have seen is that companies care about more than just the bottom line. the fact that deloitte is stepping up as something that will bode well for the movement. i am in a reflective mood. we are in in a historic time. i've never served under two confirm secretaries of state before. only once sworn in. two confirmed. elected as today and tomorrow will be reflected over the last three years and looking forward to what we see as far as secretary john kerry. that is as true on human trafficking as so many of the important areas that you have to take on when he takes the oath friday afternoon.
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one of the things that i have seen in my reflective mood over the past couple of days is the notion of energy and excitement we have seen around the issue which continues to grow. a keeps growing with new innovation, new partners. qe2 coming to fight this. less and less to i find myself walking and having to explain what this is. if they are over a certain age, if i am in an academic setting, how do we get them off this course. i will say what we think trafficking is. this always good to go back to
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base principles and get some definitions out on the table. no longer is it that strange moment. i had a business card that had my title on the back before we called this human trafficking. the only dates back to 2001. 80 the labor coordinator. that moment when people look at that, that still exists. it is being replaced by sometimes couple things.
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these in the been helpful in their on way. they're bringing people toward the issue. the immigrant rights group over here, women's rights groups over there. government here, advocate there. those start to break down and they create a new tribe, a new movement, at a modern abolitionist movement. i am glad that we are able to see that in the four corners of this conference. there are people who have now bridged these tribes. we have a good solid area.
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they've been able to carve out a career path and show up in different circumstances. they are able to not only do the academic work but have done the diplomacy and have worked in the trenches with an ngo. former counsel not only be able to work with those who need the help of trading in second world systems but drawing on having been able to represent clients as well as the diplomatic trenches. at this point there is this ability. it has multiple jobs in the anti-trafficking space. that is maturing. when people can graduate from this and say i want to work in
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human trafficking and then actually do so. before i took this job i was talking to mickey kantor. a lot of folks know him for his international business, for the work he did with major-league baseball. a lot of people forget he ended up with another yale law student named hillary clinton representing minor workers in florida. we have an opportunity to make even trafficking said if you work on to your entire career and you can reflect on the on after you have had a career doing something else. we talked to him, he says one of thesthe most rewarding things id
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as a lawyer was what i did when i was 26 years old. for that generation, at that is what he did. then you went and did your real job in real career. thankfully, we have people who did that and can draw on those experiences when they are faced with this upward pressure. what they did not have available to them was a structure or a way in which they could work on human trafficking. that is changing because of all of you. it is changing because of the business community trying to recognize the trafficking is all around us. at the end of the day, in this moment of reflection before
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secretary carey takes the wings and the right toward the next challenge, what and the things i am left with, one of the things that drove me when i was a young lawyer, i know that i just made fun of liam neeson's movie. and a they made a lot of money on that. it is a good sell for what it is. there is another movie or the book that inspired it from a while before that that inspired a lot of lawyers. it was the movie and the book "presumed innocent." the opening lines of that book
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tell us where we need to be today and read this movement is. -- and where this movement is. presume that opens with the d.a. telling the young protagonist what he needs to do the first time he goes into court. he tells him you have to point at them ans say "this man created that crime. if we do not have the courage to point, how can you ask them to have the courage to convict? that step with me. this is what my mom.
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in foreign affairs, it is more comfortable not to point. it is more comfortable not to confront and come up with euphemisms and is to say slavery. it is easier to come up with euphemisms that the sex slavery. if it is more probable to call something rape as a woman of the wordst is to use slavery, that is exhibit a and why we should be using that. we have to confront it. we have to tear down the
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euphemisms that have made a comfortable for us to accept a status quo. if we are not strong enough to do that, how come we expect governments, businesses, schools, how come we expect everyone to have the courage to confront this the way they want to. how does this work? for one thing, it means a real religiously interrogating our assumptions. what we have seen in the last 10 or 12 years through the trap of being victims protection act and the word people are doing with actual survivors that are out there, what do these people need. not what is my legal theory of my article that talks about that community, but what is that
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community actually need. in the military they say that no plan survives contact with the enemy. in this business, and no assumption survives the reality of the lives of the survivor. that is what has to drive us. what we have seen is a movement moving past assumptions about forced prostitution, assumptions about migrant workers, assumptions being replaced with the people. labor trafficking was what happened to men and sex trafficking was a happen to women. as a result, no victims did not get served. middlesex trafficking victims were out of the picture.
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women labor trafficking victims which make up the majority were invisible. our assumptions rather than the facts driving the discourse. that is one of the things we have seen in the last six or eight years, not just in my office but in the trafficking community as a whole, interrogating those assumptions. at its best, those assumptions are question because we are doing things. secretary clinton said a lot of countries, in june or so of every year in try to influence what the ranking will be on the annual trafficking. even more companies come in july of every year. the complain about what their ranking was. tell me not how poor you are but what results you have gotten in
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the fight against trafficking. that is one of the things we have to be willing to point. and if diplomacy world of which i am a part, though no pinstripes on the suit today. in diplomacy world, we would assume point at process than act results. process is important. having a series of meetings and. having a series of meetings, having an action plan. having a structure. adding another structure. having a new structure with a new action plan. all of those things is not fighting trafficking. to get there you have to be willing to look.
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you have to be willing to confront. one person who is willing is president obama. i hope yet seen the speech she gave last fall. he was willing to look this in the eye and call what it is. he called its true name of modern slavery. he made the case in his speech about distorting markets, having a public health concern, having an effect on vulnerable communities. there are so many different reasons why it is a security issue. it is a human rights issue, a workers' issue. pretty much any issue in the
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world you a human trafficking element. at the end of the day it is a people's issue. it happens to people. been l, this is why i am not totally dismissing the clumsy renditions of human trafficking in the arts, it is getting people to look at it and confront it and recognize the humanity of its victims. it continues to this day that the number one selling book that is thought the bible continues to be uncle tom's cabin. is not because it is selling a lot of copies these days. there's an estimate that 97 american household in the north had a copy of "on old tom's
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cabin" i 1860. what did that do? bac book read a little archaic. it was explosive for its time because it made people think not about slaves but about people with names, about people who wanted in life. it forced them to confront the reality. at the end of the day, that is what we need to be measured by. we need to have the theory is. we need to have the facts. we have to realize that these are people. hopefully that compels all the other things with the fierce
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urgency of their reality. when you know that there is 20 or 30 million people enslaved around the world and they are wondering does anyone care about me ta? if we cannot stand up and say yes, if we cannot answer them, then we acquiesced in a certain amount of slavery that we're willing to tolerate. in a lot of people are talking about sequestration. a lot of people are talking about multiple physical cliffs. we are sort onlcertainly not lop the porward trends.
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is this really how much trafficking and you are comfortable fighting? how much labor are you willing to tolerate? that is the question we have to ask of ourselves as well. it is not mean that people have to run out and open a not- governmental organization themselves and that people have to leave their jobs or work full-time and human traffic. that is the beauty of this movement. you can make a difference even if you have a day job, whether it is through your own philanthropic work, whether it is serving on boards, whether it is for incorporating it into your life. to donate their time and effort from what might be one of
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the most important things. dealing with the affects of captivity on things like dental, a gynecological the things we take for granted. i think that is what i want to leave everyone with. whatever you do, whatever your paycheck says on it, you can take that and incorporate the fight against modern slavery into it. if you are a company looking at your business line, looking at your supply chain, looking at your travel policies. there is no reason why travel has to involve going to prostitutes, no reason why boys will be boys should be tolerated whether it is the federal
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government or an academic institution. not just the policy change, the culture change that needs to be done and making it. con fronting the reality -- confronting the reality. don't let people off the hook but don't assume that people in government are the people who you need to deal with. a lot of people go to the authorizing committees in congress and ask for things when it is a appropriaters who they need to talk to. a lot of folks talk to me when i'm on the hill and they ask me about human trafficking but they don't ask questions from the assistance secretaries from the regional bureaus. if we're going to say modern-day
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slavery is a core piece of policy so when people, like russia go to the hill and they are not asked what are you doing on human trafficking, that sends a message to them. so i think that is one of the things, it is the notion of smart engagement on all of our parts. 12 years in, fighting human trafficking equal to this crime that we've identified, is going to take policy innovation, private sector leadership, civil society expertise and grass roots mobilization. as senator kerry said a couple of months ago when the executive order came out, it boils down to this, we have to spot it and stop it. everyone can do that. i'm confident that in the years ahead we can find the ways to
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stop it. moving from a we don't know to we're making progress. moving from what has been seen as a rigger free zone to one cha is data driven. that is going to take all of you. not saying that someone should doll something about this but saying what can i do about this? tomorrow morning think about what lincoln thought about on the 31st of january in 1865. if you've seen the movie you realize he was counting votes. he was in a situation that we find ourselves in washington today. it was dirty and messy and the stakes were high. by the time the sun went down on january 31 he knew the next day that the 13th amendment would be brought to him for a signature
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and he could send it out to the states for ratification. you don't get to be in a situation where you can say that you're walking in the footsteps of lincoln or frederick douglas. but by hearing here today and work on human trafficking you have chose on the follow them in that journey. so join us, pick up that terrible swift sword. thank you, everyone. [applause] >> tonight, former c.i.a. officials skiss the enhanced techniques in the search for osama bin laden. here's part of the discussion. >> kathryn bigelow acknowledges the effectiveness which is a valid position to take.
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it played a role and we should not have done it. why are people so obsessed with trying to disprove the obvious, we got information. >> let me be a little edgy in my response. i point to no human being. i'm pointing to the broad american public. i'm talking about the national psyche not anybody in or out of office, just you. as part of a collective. the american citizen. let me tell you a sentence i never heard as director of n.s.a. or director of c.i.a. don't over react. never heard that. in fact, i can document a bunch of conversations that were on the other side. i actually think it might be as
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part of the national consciousness a moral struggle for some in our citizenry or a chunk of our national political culture. they are trying to deal with not that we did it but they didn't mind it. or they didn't mind it at the time. or they didn't mind it at the time to say don't over react, let's be really careful. i'm going to tell you this is whining even before i do it. we're put in a situation where we're accused of not doing enough to defend america when people feel in danger. as soon as we make people feel safe again, we're accused of doing too much. i realize that is my fault, that is my whining. everyone may not share that view. but every now and again, in a
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sober self-pity moment i allow myself that thought. >> a situation on the c.i.a.'s enhanced interrogation techniques. tonight here on c-span. on "newsmakers" we're with the ranking member of the judiciary committee. he talks about gun control laws. that is on sunday 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on c-span. >> john mccain's campaign when he ran for president is the most memorable campaign of any that i covered. it was just -- we'll never see it again. he was facing george w. bush who had all -- the republican party
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backing him and all the money. john mccain and held 114 town meetings. he stayed there until every question was answered. you would see people and you would see the light bulb go over their head. as long as my party is own bid the insurance company and the other party is owned by another group. he was totally open to the press. there was a candor and openness, a welcomeness that no one has seen before or seen since. >> mark shields on his career in politics. sunday night at 8:00 on c-span's "and a. >> cato institute about the libertarian in 2013.
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they discuss president obama's executive order and gun control, the deft it is -- deficit and the upcoming cases in the supreme court. >> i'm going to short everyone's bio in order to get to them. our first speaker is david boaz. he has played a key role in the libertarian movement. he's a commenter in things such as education, and the rise of libertarian. an author -- he's an author and co-editor for policy makers. following that is ilya shapiro. he have provided testimony to he have provided testimony to legislaters.